English Grammer

Assertive Sentence কাকে বলে, কত প্রকার, সংজ্ঞা ও উদাহরণ

Assertive Sentence কাকে বলে?

Assertive sentence (বিবৃতিমূলক বাক্য) :

যে Sentence দ্বারা কোনো বিবৃতি প্রদান করা হয় তাকে Assertive sentence বলে। এগুলো হ্যাঁ বোধক বা না বোধক হয়ে থাকে।

A sentence that makes a declaration of a sentence is called an assertive sentence. To express opinions and explain different things we use assertive sentences.

Assertive sentence মূলত আমাদের নিত্যদিনকার যত simple statements আছে, সেসব pass করে। বাক্যে কোনো কিছু বলা, দাবি করা বা ঘোষণা দেয়া ও Assertive sentence এর অন্তর্ভুক্ত। এসব বাক্য সবসময় full stop এর মাধ্যমে শেষ হয়। যেকোনো ঘটনা, তথ্য, তত্ত্ব, প্রমাণ চিত্র, পাঠ্যপুস্তক লিখতে Assertive sentence ব্যবহার করা হয়।

Example :

1. They are going to their room.
2. Rayhan is doing his homework.
3. She is not a writer.
4. We do not have a house.
5. In my spare time, I love to write my diary.
6. She can mimic different types of animal noises.
7. You can not copy her writing.
8. Muna has made her own garden.
9. Her rooftop garden is so pretty with some colorful flowers.
10. I can not agree with you.

Assertive Sentence কত প্রকার?

Classification of Assertive sentence:

Assertive sentence দুই ধরনের হয়।

  1. Affirmative sentence (হ্যাঁ বোধক বাক্য)
  2. Negative sentence (না বোধক বাক্য)

Affirmative sentence (হ্যাঁ বোধক বাক্য):

যে সমস্ত বিবৃতি গুলো হ্যাঁ সূচক হয় বা যে সকল বিবৃতিতে কোন কিছু স্বীকার করে উত্তর দেয়া হয় তাকে Affirmative sentence বলে। Assertive affirmative sentence এ সব positive sense ব্যবহার করা হয়।

Structure :

Principle verb ও to be verb (am, is, are, was, were) যুক্ত Affirmative sentence এর গঠন নিম্নরুপ:


Note: the principal verb is the verb that describes a state or action. it can be present, past, or past participle. (Example: I like to play, He knew this.)

Example :

1. My father is a retired government officer.
2. He carries an honest personality.
3. He is playing football.
4. They won the match by 30 runs.
5. Zumar is a good badminton player.
6. He is a good player.
7. They are trying their level best to solve this problem.
8. Runa is a good student.
9. She stood first in the exam.
10. We finally got the opportunity.

Negative sentence (না বোধক বাক্য) :

যে সমস্ত বিবৃতি গুলো না সূচক হয় বা যে সকল বিবৃতিতে কোন কিছু অস্বীকার করা হয় বা না সূচক উক্তি দেয়া হয় তাকে Negative sentence বলে। এসব বাক্য হা সূচক বাক্যের বিপরীতে কাজ করে এবং negative sense pass করে।

Structure :

to be verb যুক্ত Negative sentence এর গঠন:


সাহায্যকারী Verb (auxiliary verb) যুক্ত Negative sentence এর গঠন:

Sub+ do not/doesn’t /didn’t +verb+ extension.

Example :

1. I do not do that.
2. The students are not attending the class.
3. Runa was not the team leader.
4. She is not a player.
5. He didn’t write anything for me.
6. She wasn’t alone.
7. We were not there when she came back.
8. They are not participating in the dance competition.
9. He doesn’t complete the task.
10. Ripa was not a liar.

কোনো প্রশ্নের জবাবে যদি Assertive sense এ answer করতে হয় তাহলে, Yes or No দিয়েও Assertive sentence গঠন করা যায়।

Did you do the task?
= Yes, or Yes, I did.
Is she your friend?
= No or No, she isn’t.

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

What is an assertive sentence?

An assertive sentence is a sentence that makes a statement or declares a fact. It is a type of sentence that is used to assert, declare, or state something. Assertive sentences can be positive or negative, and they can be simple or complex.

What are the two types of the assertive sentence?

The two types of assertive sentences are positive assertive sentences and negative assertive sentences.

Positive assertive sentences are sentences that affirm or state something that is believed to be true. For example, “I love watching movies”, “The sky is blue”, and “My dog likes to play fetch”.

Negative assertive sentences, on the other hand, are sentences that deny or negate something that is believed to be false. For example, “I do not like spicy food”, “The moon is not made of cheese”, and “She is not a good swimmer”.

Both positive and negative assertive sentences make a statement or assert a fact, but they differ in the way they express that statement or fact.

Write down some examples of assertive sentences.

Examples of assertive sentences include:

The sun is shining brightly today.
I am feeling tired after a long day at work.
She is a talented musician.
He doesn’t like spicy food.
The Earth is round.

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